What is NLP and Why is it Important?

by May 31, 2020

Natural Language Processing

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a subfield of artificial intelligence that assists computers with understanding human language. Utilizing NLP, machines can understand unstructured online information so we can gain significant insights. As computer technology advances past their artificial requirements, companies are searching for better approaches to exploit. A sharp increase in computing speed and capacities has led to new and highly intelligent software systems, some of which are prepared to supplant or augment human services.

The rise of natural language processing (NLP) is probably the best example, with intelligent chatbots prepared to change the universe of customer service and beyond. While computers have consistently been exceptionally valuable for abstract tasks including quantification, flesh-and-blood human beings have consistently introduced a difficult interface. Despite the fact that computing systems empower fast and profoundly accurate communication channels, machines have never been acceptable at seeing how and why we communicate in any case. NLP is devoted to understanding the cooperation among interaction between computers and machines, thanks to language.

So as to comprehend normal language, computers need to listen, process, and break down human text and speech. Acknowledgment of language isn’t sufficient, in any case, working systems additionally need to make value through true applications.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) that centers around measuring human language to make it intelligible to machines. It combines the power of linguistics and computer science to contemplate the guidelines and structure of language and make intelligent systems fit for comprehension, breaking down, and separating significance from text and speech.

When a fantasy of sci-fi motion pictures, the ability of machines to decipher human language is currently at the core of numerous applications that we utilize each day, from translation software, chatbots, spam filters, and search engines, to grammar checking software, voice assistants, and social media monitoring tools. Take your Gmail, for instance. You may have seen that your emails are automatically arranged as Promotions, Social, Primary, or Spam; that is conceivable thanks to an NLP task called text classification.

Another case of NLP in real life is data about booked flights showing up automatically in your calendar, that is an NLP task that extracts information. Regardless of the advancement made around various Natural Language Processing issues, there are as yet numerous difficulties ahead, similar to those identified with Natural Language Understanding (NLU), a subfield of NLP that is centered around understanding a content in the same way we would.



The most widely utilized NLP application is machine translation which assists with conquering the language obstructions. As the amount of data accessible online is expanding step by step, the need to access and process it turns out to be increasingly significant. To convert data from one language then onto the next, machine translation can be utilized. The NLP methods help the machine to comprehend the significance of sentences, which improves the effectiveness of machine translation.

The NLP methods are extremely valuable for sentiment analysis. It assists in recognizing the sentiment among several online posts and comments. The business firms utilize NLP methods to learn about the customer’s opinion about their product and services from online reviews.

Utilizing NLP the Automatic summarization can be performed more efficiently. Automatic summarization is important not just for summing up the significance of documents and data, yet in addition, for understanding the emotional implications of the data, for example, in gathering information from social media. Automatic summarization is particularly significant when used to give an overview of a news item or blog posts while maintaining a strategic distance from multiple sources and maximizing the diversity of content obtained. Utilizing this the trouble to locate a significant piece of data from a colossal database can be reduced.

The advanced NLP techniques permit the non-developers to collaborate with the computing systems and acquire helpful data from it. Utilizing NLP the basic equivalents for the input phrases can be detected and coordinate them with the correct answers, it helps the users who are new to the terminologies of the computing system. Spam filtering, language understanding, text classification, information extraction, question answering, Social website feeds,  Voice recognition and speech-to-text are the other run of the mill utilization of NLP.


Huge Volumes of Textual Data

Natural language processing helps computers with speaking with people in their own language and scales other language-related tasks. For instance, NLP makes it feasible for computers to understand the text, hear speech, interpret it, measure sentiment and figure out which parts are significant. The present machines can analyze more language-based data than humans, without weariness and in a predictable, fair way. Considering the amazing amount of unstructured data that is created each day, from medical records to social media, automation will be crucial to completely analyze text and speech data efficiently.


Structuring a highly unstructured data source

Human language is astoundingly perplexing and diverse. We communicate in unending manners, both verbally and in writing. Not exclusively are there many dialects and languages, yet inside every language is a one of a kind set of grammar and sentence structure rules, terms and slang. At the point when we write, we regularly incorrectly spell or shorten words, or preclude punctuation. When we talk, we have regional accents, and we murmur, falter and obtain terms from different languages.

While supervised and unsupervised learning, and explicitly deep learning, are currently generally utilized for modeling human language, there’s additionally a requirement for syntactic and semantic comprehension and domain expertise that are not really present in these machine learning approaches. NLP is significant in light of the fact that it helps settle ambiguity in language and adds valuable numeric structure to the information for some downstream applications, for example, speech recognition or text analytics.

The development of NLP toward NLU has a lot of significant implications for organizations and consumers alike. Imagine the power of an algorithm that can comprehend the significance and nuance of human language in many contexts, from medicine to law to the study hall. As the volumes of unstructured data keep on growing exponentially, we will profit by computers’ tireless ability to help us make sense of it all.