Types of Robots and Robotic Surgeries in Healthcare

Types of Robots and Robotic Surgeries in Healthcare

Miniature robots

The healthcare industry is using miniature robots to perform surgeries at the peritoneal cavity. The two-arm miniature robot is flexible and has multiple functionalities that offer scarless surgeries. It can also be used by inexperienced surgeons under the mentorship of veterans.

Capsule robots

Capsule robots are miniaturized endoscopes that come with enormous freedom of movement in blood vessels. They are manipulated via magnetic interactions, allowing for an untethered design. Capsule robots also cause less tissue damage and fast accessibility.


Microbot is the most futuristic concept that will take the healthcare industry by storm. Though far from reality, they are potentially advanced as it requires no incision. Microbots can be introduced into circulation and transported to a specific destination.


Telesurgery is defined as a surgical procedure carried out at a distance using robots and computer technology. Even though the first demonstration of telesurgery took place in 2001, the technology gained its importance in 2020 during the Covid-19 pandemic lockdown.

Robotic Laparoscopic Surgery

Robots in laparoscopic surgery are minimally invasive. It improves visualization by providing a high-definition and magnified view of the complex body cavities. Laparoscopic surgery assisted by robots has proven to have fewer incisions and reduced blood loss.

Robotic Orthopedic surgery

Robots are used in knee and hip replacement surgeries to enhance the precision and positioning of implants through the robotic arms. The real-time data about the operating tissues and bones can aid the accuracy of the surgery. By minimizing soft tissue damage, robotic orthopedic surgeries will enhance mobility and recovery.

Robotic Gynecologic Surgery

An alternative to conventional open surgery, robotics in gynecology has improved the scope of laparoscopic surgeries with a three-dimensional vision. A narrow lighted microscope and miniature robotic arms controlling the instruments are used to perform several surgeries including hysterectomy, and myomectomy. Robotics in gynecological surgeries promises better results with minimal damage to the uterus, for women.

Robotic Cardiovascular surgery

The use of robotics in minimally invasive heart surgeries can reduce post-surgical complications and reduces scarring. Without cutting open the breastbone, robotic cardio surgeries perform the operations through small incisions that will minimize blood loss. Used extensively in mitral valve repair, and coronary artery bypass surgery, robotics ensure fewer complications and reduced trauma for patients.

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