As artificial intelligence (AI) emerges into the mainstream, there is misinformation and confusion about what it’s capable of and the potential risks it constitutes. Our culture is enriched with dystopian visions of human ruin at the feet of all-knowing machines. On the other hand, most people appreciate the potential good AI might do for the civilization through the improvements and insights it could bring.
Though computer systems can learn, reason, and act, these are still in their infancy. Machine learning (ML) needs massive datasets. Many real-world systems such as self-driven cars, a complex blend of physical computer vision sensors, complex programming for real-time decision making, and robotics are needed. For businesses that are adopting AI, deployment is more straightforward but enabling AI to access information and allowing any measure of autonomy brings serious risks that have to be considered.
What risks does AI cause?
Accidental bias is not new with AI systems, and programmers or specific datasets can entrench it. Unfortunately, if this bias leads to poor decisions and even discrimination, legal repercussions and reputational damage may follow. Flawed artificial intelligence design can also leads to overfitting or underfitting, while AI makes too particular decisions.
Establishing human oversight, stringently testing AI systems can mitigate those risks during the design phase. It is also possible by closely monitoring those systems when they are operational. Decision-making abilities must be measured and assessed to confirm that any emerging bias or questionable decision-making is addressed rapidly.
Although these threats are based on unintentional errors and failures in design and implementation, a different set of risks emerges when people intentionally try to subvert AI systems or wield them as weapons.
How can cyber attackers manipulate AI?
Misleading an AI system can be alarmingly easy. Attackers can manipulate the datasets to train AI, making subtle changes to carefully designed parameters to ignore increasing suspicion while slowly steering AI in the desired direction. Wherein attackers fail to access the datasets; they may employ evasion, tampering with inputs to vigour mistakes. These systems can be manipulated into misclassifications by modifying input data to make proper identification hard.
Though checking the accuracy of data and inputs may not prove possible, every effort should be made to harvest data from reputable and verified sources. Bake in the identification of oddity to empower AI so that it can identify malicious inputs. Also, isolate AI systems with preventive mechanisms that make it easy to turn off if things start to go wrong.
How could AI be weaponised?
Cybercriminals can also employ AI to seek assistance with the scale and effectiveness of their social engineering attacks. Artificial intelligence can learn to detect behaviour patterns, figuring out how to convince people that a video, phone call, or email is legitimate. It then can persuade them to compromise networks and hand over sensitive data. All the social techniques that cybercriminals are currently employing could be enhanced immeasurably using AI.
There is another scope to use AI to recognize new vulnerabilities in networks, devices, and applications as they emerge. The job of keeping information secure is made difficult because of brisk identifying opportunities for human hackers.
How to stimulate the company’s security using AI?
AI can be highly effective in monitoring network and analytics, setting up a baseline of normal behaviour, and flagging discrepancies in things such as server access and data traffic immediately. Detecting intrusions beforehand gives you the maximum chance of restraining the damage they can do. Initially, it may be useful to have AI systems flag abnormalities and alert IT departments to investigate. While AI leans and improves, it may be provide the authority to invalidate threats itself and refrain intrusions in real-time.
With a significant lack of information security, AI can shoulder some of the burdens and allow limited staff to focus on complex problems. As companies try to reduce costs, AI is turning into more attractive, aiming to replace people. It will benefit companies and improve with experience, but ambitious companies must plan to mitigate the potential risk of cyber-attacks now.